Published February 12, 2020

Chief Executive Officer turnover surged 37%, from the 160 who left their posts in December to 219 to begin the year. Last month’s total is 27% higher than the previous monthly record of 172 in October 2019, according to a report released Wednesday by global outplacement and business and executive coaching firm Challenger, Gray & Christmas, Inc.

Last month’s total is 39.5% higher than the 157 CEOs who left their posts in the same month last year.

“January is typically a busy month for CEO turnover, as companies make leadership changes after assessing business conditions at the end of the fiscal year. January is the beginning of the fiscal year for many companies, and a good time to make decisions about the direction of the company,” said Andrew Challenger, Vice President of Challenger, Gray & Christmas, Inc.

Using SEC filings, news reports, and company announcements, Challenger tracks CEO changes each month from U.S.-based companies that have been in business for at least two years and employ a minimum of ten employees. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there were roughly 1.3 million establishments that matched these criteria in 2016. While Challenger cannot track every CEO who leaves a company, the numbers have been steadily trending upward since August 2018.

Where are CEO Exits Happening?

January’s record total was led by the Government/Non-Profit sector, which saw 41 chief executive exits, 41% higher than the 29 CEOs who left in this industry in December. Companies in this sector led all sectors in 2019, with 339 total exits.

“With the upcoming elections on both the national and local levels, many Government agencies and Non-Profits are gearing up for shifts in funding. For companies that work in Government, this could mean shifts in priorities for incoming administrations and for charities and foundations as well as shifts in effective fundraising,” said Challenger.

The Health Care/Products sector, which includes medical device manufacturers, hospital suppliers, and other health care-related services, announced 18 chief executive exits, while Hospitals announced another 18.

The Technology sector, which over the last decade of expansion has seen scores of new start-ups, saw 35 chief executive exits.

“Tech companies that survived the recession or began during the recovery are finding themselves in a new phase of growth and in need of new leadership. Meanwhile, large, longstanding tech firms are pivoting in new directions and trying to remain competitive with smaller start-ups,” said Challenger.

Reasons for Exits

The majority of CEOs stepped down from their posts into other areas of the company, usually as a Board Chair or Member or into another role in the C-Suite. Another 49 CEOs retired from their positions. Twenty CEOs saw their interim periods end, while 16 left to pursue new opportunities.


“Most companies are holding on to their CEOs in some capacity, whether they transition to the Board, remain in a consulting role, or lead a different area of the business. This suggests that while a record number of CEOs are leaving that post, the vast majority of companies are generally happy with their performance,” said Challenger.

Of the 198 replacements Challenger tracked in January, 107 of them came from outside the company, while 91 were internal candidates.

“This continues the trend from last year which saw companies hiring external candidates versus grooming someone from within,” said Challenger.

# # #

NEW: Challenger will now report on replacement data each month. Please see tables on the last page of the report.

Contact Colleen Madden Blumenfeld for more data or to set up an interview with SVP Andy Challenger.

Contact Challenger for Media Inquiries

Please accept statistics, marketing cookies to watch this video.

Download Resource